Matter & Energy

Trillion-Frame-Per-Second Video: Researchers Have Created an Imaging System That Makes Light Look Slow
MIT researchers have created a new imaging system that can acquire visual data at a rate of one trillion exposures per second. That's fast enough to produce a slow-motion video of a burst of light traveling the length of a one-liter bottle, bouncing off the cap and reflecting back to the bottle's bottom.... full story »

Gone With the Wind: Why the Fast Jet Stream Winds Cannot Contribute Much Renewable Energy After All
The assumption that high jet steam wind speeds in the upper atmosphere correspond to high wind power has now been challenged by researchers of the Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry in Jena, Germany.... full story »

Best Routes Found to Self-Assembling 3-D Shapes
Researchers at Brown and Johns Hopkins universities have found optimal configurations for creating 3-D geometric shapes -- like tiny, highly simplified geodesic domes that assemble by themselves. The Brown team developed the algorithmic tools, and the Johns Hopkins team tested selected configurations.... full story »

New Switch Could Improve Electronics
Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh have invented a new type of electronic switch that performs electronic logic functions within a single molecule.... full story »

Scientists Propose New Names for Elements 114 and 116
The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) have recommended new proposed names for elements 114 and 116, the latest heavy elements to be added to the periodic table.... full story »

NMR Used to Determine Whether Gold Nanoparticles Exhibit 'Handedness'
Carnegie Mellon University's Roberto R. Gil and Rongchao Jin have successfully used NMR to analyze the structure of infinitesimal gold nanoparticles, which could advance the development and use of the tiny particles in drug development.... full story »

Slow Road to Stability for Emulsions
By studying the behavior of tiny particles at an interface between oil and water, researchers at Harvard have discovered that stabilized emulsions may take longer to reach equilibrium than previously thought.... full story »

Measuring Living Cells' Mechanical Properties: Technology Could Diagnose Human Disease, Shed Light On Biological Processes
Researchers are making progress in developing a system that measures the mechanical properties of living cells, a technology that could be used to diagnose human disease and better understand biological processes.... full story »

A Hidden Order Unraveled: Microscopic Views On Quantum Fluctuations
Fluctuations are fundamental to many physical phenomena in our everyday life, such as the phase transitions from a liquid into a gas or from a solid into a liquid.... full story »

Atoms Dressed With Light Show New Interactions, Could Reveal Way to Observe Enigmatic Particle
Physicists at NIST have found a way to manipulate atoms' internal states with lasers that dramatically influences their interactions in specific ways.... full story »

Multi-Purpose Photonic Chip Paves the Way to Programmable Quantum Processors
A multi-purpose optical chip which generates, manipulates and measures entanglement and mixture has been developed by researchers from the University of Bristol's Centre for Quantum Photonics.... full story »

Carving at the Nanoscale
Researchers at the Catalan Institute of Nanotechnology (ICN) have successfully demonstrated a new method for producing a wide variety of complex hollow nanoparticles.... full story »

World's Smallest Steam Engine: Heat Engine Measuring Only a Few Micrometers Works as Well as Its Larger Counterpart, Although It Sputters
What would be a case for the repair shop for a car engine is completely normal for a micro engine. Researchers at the University of Stuttgart and the Stuttgart-based Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems have now observed this with a heat engine on the micrometer scale. ... full story »

Synthetic Cricket Pricks Up Its 'Ears'
The tiny hairs on the abdomen of a cricket have inspired researchers at the University of Twente, to make a new type of sensor which is ultra sensitive to air flows. ... full story »

Pitt Researchers Invent a Switch That Could Improve Electronics
Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh have invented a new type of electronic switch that performs electronic logic functions within a single molecule.... full story »

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Top Science News

One black hole or two? Dust clouds can explain puzzling features of active galactic nuclei
Researchers at the University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), believe clouds of dust, rather than twin black holes, can explain the features found in active galactic nuclei (AGNs).... full story »

Measuring each point of a beam of light
If you want to get the greatest benefit from a beam of light-whether to detect a distant planet or to remedy an aberration in the human eye-you need to be able to measure it.... full story »

Success of blood test for autism affirmed
One year after researchers published their work on a physiological test for autism, a follow-up study confirms its exceptional success in assessing whether a child is on the autism spectrum.... full story »

Possible Subsurface Lake near Martian South Pole
A new paper published in Science this week suggests that liquid water may be sitting under a layer of ice at Mars' south pole.... full story »

Wireless Pressure-Sensing Eye Implant Could Help Prevent Blindness
Researchers at Caltech have developed an implantable pressure sensor that can reside in the human eye while wirelessly sending data about the eye's health to the medical professionals.... full story »

New photodetector could improve night vision, thermal sensing and medical imaging
Using graphene, engineers have invented a new type of photodetector that can work with more types of light than its current state-of-the-art counterparts.... full story »

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